Law and Justice (PiS), the ruling party, previously tried to push through this tightening. Already in 2016 and 2018, it presented the law in parliament, but each time it met with huge popular protests. Thanks to the establishment of the Constitutional Court and the systematic replacement of moderate judges with conservative ones, the PiS was able to push through the stricter rules after all.
The European Commission has previously questioned the constitutional court and its legality. The rule of law and democracy are under severe strain in Poland and many experts fear that this is only the beginning. However, a ban on abortion does not prevent abortion. It does not reduce the number of abortions, but leads to abortions being performed illegally - with serious risks to women's health -, or forces women to travel abroad.